The European Network for Religious Education in Europe through Contextual Approaches (ENRECA) was set up in 1999 as a forum for mutual co-operation and reflection on the changing role of religious education in Europe. It brought together scholars from England, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and Wales. Scholars engaged in empirical and theoretical research in aspects of religion and education in relation to intercultural issues. The group's commitment was to deal with the educational implications of the changing patterns of religious and secular plurality in European countries. Two perspectives have been important for the group's vision:
- religious contextuality, with a focus on religious life in particular cultural situations and at local levels, and
- religious competence as the ability of a student to negotiate on religious meanings.
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